what size tips to use on spray gun

The heavier the coating, the larger the nozzle size should be. Yes. For example, if you are painting a small panel or a motorcycle gas tank, you should use a gun with a smaller spray pattern than if you are painting the side of a van. Here’s what Kevin Tetz and Eastwood recommends for the Concourse HVLP gun. The first thing you will have to consider is the consistency of the paint you’re spraying. Thinner paints run the risk of orange peel, though, because they will not atomize correctly. This size also differs depending on where you apply. Here are some common tip sizes and recommended usages: 0.5-1.0mm – These are very common in detail spray guns because they provide a much smaller pattern compared to a larger tip on a full size gun. Does every tip size need it’s own individual needle? If you aren’t sure about your gun’s supported sizes, check with the gun manufacturer. There isn’t a “one-size-fits-all” approach as your spray tip will depend on your gun setup, spraying process and material being used. Which spray tips are suitable for these paint sprayers? The nozzle size determines what kind of material can be sprayed by the spray gun. Hold the gun no more than eight inches away from the surface you are painting. Works well with most base coats, and even thicker clears. Spray guns that use compressed air come with an adjustable nozzle, so you'll only be shopping for spray tips when you use an airless sprayer. The fourth character, first number (5 in this case) is used for the fan size. A typical nozzle set includes the needle, air cap & fluid nozzle. 1.2mm, 1.3mm – Good for clear coat and thinner base coats. As an example, primers are commonly thicker compared to the top coat and may require a 1.7 or 1.8 mm tip. With the volume requirements of HVLP spray guns, avoid using 5/16 inch hose to ensure maximum air available to the spray gun. The chart below provides a great overview of the size of the metal flake and the corresponding paint gun tip required. Smaller surfaces will require a small fan width to reduce overspray. To paint larger surfaces, such as ceilings or tables, it would be more appropriate to use a 411 spray tip with lacquers or paints / interior materials. Purchasing a set like these will allow you to spray all types of paints from the same gun, making it easier while saving you money. 1.5mm, 1.6mm – Versatile tip for base coats and single-stage paints. Budget: The best spray guns for polyurethane should be affordable and should not exceed your budget limit. Thank you all for joining in. For example, primers are usually thicker than the accompanying paint so you should use a 1.7 or 1.8 mm tip to prime most surfaces. They are also used for thin dyes and stains. HVLP SPRAY GUN NOZZLE RECOMMENDATIONS LPH400LV LPH100/LPH300LV AZ3HV Primers D831 Nozzle Size 1.3 MM 1.2-1.4 MM D824 Air Pressure 16 PSI 14 PSI DTM Air Comsumption 9.5 CFM 7.1 CFM Primer Surfacers D839 D825 Nozzle Size 1.3 MM 1.4 MM 1.8 MM D822 D860 Air Pressure 16 PSI 14 PSI 29 PSI D848 DTM Air Comsumption 9.5 CFM 7.1 CFM 13.3 CFM Primer Sealers The right choice is crucial for a perfect spray result. Gelcoat Putty – Repair Spider Cracks And Fill Gouges! Guns are hand-held. What size of tip should I use to spray paint cabinets? For different thicknesses different size Fluid Tips are available to … 10-15 psi when trigger is pulled for base coat is what most say to set your gun at. This concludes our rundown of the common sizes of fluid tips for the HVLP spray gun and what they are for, with the most common in red in the above picture. Gravity guns and siphons work well for applying flake, but you’ll need to adjust the gun tip size to the type of flake used. Eastwood carries a selection of popular sizes for the guns we sell. If you aren’t sure about your gun’s supported sizes, check with the gun manufacturer. Solvent-borne products - For Health and Safety reasons we do not recommend the spray application of solvent-borne paints. The 1.3mm is a great general clear coat tip and is also good for thinner base coats, waterborne and single-stage paints. Airless spray guns have more control over the fan width than conventional spray guns because the coating is forced through the tip without being atomized by air. A larger nozzle size means a thicker heavier material can be used. http://boatpaintguide.com/gelcoat-spray-gun-the-right-tool-for-a-great-job/#.U_80dfldVWg, http://esmfg.com/aspnet_client/g860_hvlp_gelcoat_spray_gun.html, http://www.international-marine.com/paintguides/mpg_paintapplication.pdf, http://magnum.graco.com/products/M_Pages.nsf/Webpages/0Spray_Tip_Info, http://www.carcraft.com/howto/ccrp_0511_paint_spray_gun/#ixzz3Bheyr89Z, Bottom Paint Store Blog – How to Articles. A small tip is best to achieve a good finish with minimal overspray. The ES G830 gun will support a range of 0.8 – 2.0 mm. Changes in air pressure may be compensated for by gun distance or speed, for instance. Usually the instructions that come with the gun will have a handy spray gun tip size chart too. The next thing to consider is your project surface area. 1.2-1.3MM- These nozzle and tip combinations are the most fine and therefore work well for thinner coatings. There are two kinds of spray guns. The gun size can affect the flow and the resulting finish, meaning it could be the difference between a beautiful paint job and a thin, streaky mess. It’s also the smallest size if you are shooting latex paint – not that you would do that with your good HVLP gun. It is not a very common size but is currently offered on the Eastwood Concours LT Gun. With fancy paints like pearls and metal flakes, you may have to go smaller and larger respectively for them to come out really well, but the only real way to find out is with practice – lots of practice. The airless spray which is about 14 inches. ©2017 The Eastwood Company. I’m thinking about getting the 1.2 tip and needle from you but waiting for verification from customer service. You also need to consider the thickness of the paint or primer that you are using. There are many different things to consider when selecting the appropriate size spray tip for each job. Case in point – a 317 tip and a 517 tip both have the same orifice size – 17-thousandths of an inch. I bought the Devilbiss FLG-670 spray gun with three tips but it had only one needle. Just curious. But most important to the quality of the job you are doing is using a gun with the right size fluid tip and needle for paint, primer or whatever else you are spraying. Today’s topic is all about Newbie Spray Gun Setup Tips and Best (PSI) Air Pressure, To Spray With. The 1.4mm tip is perfect for base coats and metallic as the droplet size allows the particles to self-orient to eliminate streaking and mottling. This determines the appropriate fan width that your sprayer will produce, that is, the shape in which the product will leave the gun nozzle. So this tip has an approximate 10" fan when the tip is 12" from the surface to be painted. The following is the complete article on the subject of spray tip sizes as written by Phil Stevens, I have received their permission to reprint this article , Phil is a founding member of AWFI, American Wood Finishing institute, and has trained thousands of people on the Correct technology of finishing, including myself. Tip size: A spray gun with a correct tip size helps you to control the flow of coating material. What I like most about this sprayer is that it comes with adjustable settings, you can adjust the pressure and the material flow which is essential for lacquer. If the orifice is large, then more paint tends to come through it. You can still use the big gun for a small project, but it is going to be more wasteful and messy. For spraying a whole car, a 1.3mm tip is recommended. Airless paint spray tips are sized using a 3 digit number such as 515. Spray guns and spray heads are basically the same. The ES G830 gun will support a range of 0.8 – 2.0 mm. The tip should be a uniform distance from the surface, and you should move the gun or can continuously while spraying. A general rule of thumb is: Heavy-bodied primers and primer surfacers work best when you use a nozzle size of 1.7 to 2.2. There is quite some contention amongst professionals painters regarding which spray tips produce the most- and least overspray. This size is the closes to a universal tip as it comes. Which I rarely do because I have enough air supply for my guns. Your airless spray gun will work just fine with a small tip if you are working with enamels, stains, lacquers and other light coatings. I usually use my 1.7 mm for Magnamax clears and the 1.9 mm for Magnamax opaques. These smaller sized tips are most commonly used with clear coats and final top coats. 0.5-1.0mm – Most of the regular HVLP spray gun kit comes with a 0.5-1.0mm tip. The amount of information on the subject can be overwhelming, so we at the Bottom Paint Store have done our best to make this step easier for you. A specially designed grip measurably improves operator control, balance, and spray quality. Choosing the proper HVLP spray gun tip size will give you the right combination of speed, efficiency, results and ease of clean-up. Put simply, heavier coatings will require a larger orifice size than lighter ones. They are also used for thin dyes and stains. With a RAC X Guard they can be used on virtually all modern airless sprayers with a 7/8" threaded gun. I don't use any thinners with the clears. When spraying paint with a compressed air spray gun – whether gravity feed or siphon feed, conventional or High Volume Low Pressure (HVLP) – it’s important to have the gun set up properly for the job. (See chart below.). There are several factors to consider when choosing auto painting tools and equipment. The ES G100 and G200 gelcoat spray guns support a range of 0.8 – 7.1 mm tips. LTX and tip size - LTXxxx such as LTX517 It may be slightly different based on the atomizing ability of the gun. The first number has to do with the width of the spraying fan and the last 2 digits refer to the size of the hole or orifice the paint sprays through. It’s fast too, it can spray up to 0.24 gallons per minute. The sprayer features a 3/8 HP motor that delivers up to 2800 PSI. The ES G100 and G200 gelcoat spray guns support a range of 0.8 – 7.1 mm tips. The size of the needle/nozzle is based on the viscosity of the finish and whether the spray gun is siphon feed, gravity feed, or pressure feed. As a general rule of thumb, thicker material like high-build primers use a bigger opening, while thinner liquids use a smaller tip. Typically, 1.8mm is recommended for most primer surfacers. This versatile tip will spray lacquers to mastics and are the highest performing, longest lasting airless pray tips in the industry. Most boat projects consist of large surfaces and so a wide fan will increase the spray coverage and also provide the ability to spray close to the surface without too much build up. It can be used with 1.1mm, 1.4mm and 1.8mm tips and nozzles. The first digit is half of the fan width, the "5" in "517" equals a 10 inch spray fan width (5 x 2 = 10) The last two digits are the size of the tip opening in thousandths … But, the 517 tip sprays a 10-inch-wide fan, while the 317 sprays a 6-inch-wide fan. Too thick of a paint won’t flow well through this size, though. The nozzle angle determines the width of the spray jet. Oftentimes, the paint or primer will come with recommendations as to how to spray it. If you just remember that thinner = smaller and thicker = bigger, it’s pretty intuitive. Spray Tip. Spraying clear with a 1.2mm will take longer because the tiny hole doesn’t flow much fluid through it but will give you a very fine finish. For instance a 508 and a 515 both have the same … Examples of spray tips suitable for the paint sprayer and the gun featured in the video are: FARBMAX Silver tip. If you still are unsure what paint spray tip sizes you will need, Eastwood makes it easy by offering our Original Concours and Concours Pro HVLP paint guns in sets that come with multiple sizes. Binks® 2100 spray gun is a durable, full sized gun that is comfortable, well balanced, and easy to use. Use a normal type pressure container with approximately 25-40 psi fluid pressure, an air spray gun with a 1.8 or 2.5mm diameter nozzle and a suitable air cap with 25-60 psi air pressure. People use spray guns differently and achieve the same results. A 311 size tip, which will produce a 6-inch fan, is a good tip size. Start at the top on vertical surfaces. 1.7mm, 1.8mm  – 1.7mm is the smallest size you should use for most types of primer. 1.4mm – Great all-purpose size. With Airless spraying the choice of nozzle size and gun filter are important. How to Select the Right Tip for Your Paint Gun. A spray gun nozzle, fluid nozzle, and air cap. Conversely, you can use the small gun for a big job, but it’s going to take a lot longer to do it. Will the Spray Gun I use spray different types of paint? With any technical data sheet that comes with coatings their should be a recommended spray gun fluid nozzle size range. This will help to give a rough estimate of the right fluid nozzle. 1.2mm, 1.3mm – Good for clear coat and thinner base coats. I haven't used the 1.5 mm tip that came with my gun in awhile. All rights reserved. But with the opaques, I have to thin 20-30% to get a good flow out of the gun and on the surfaces I am spraying. We have the old school one called the siphon feed spray gun. This also makes it possible to spray further away from the surface without too much falloff because the fan is more focused. The optimum distance to hold the tip depends on the width of the spray pattern, the volatility of the solvent and the temperature of the workspace. Basecoats should be sprayed … The 1.8mm is at the upper end of sizes for urethane primer surfacers, and the minimum size you want to use for a poly-urethane primer surfacer, which can use up to a 2.2mm. Gun technique can lead to big differences in transfer efficiency and in throughput (not to mention housekeeping). Most guns have the option of several different-sized spray tip openings with a matching needle for each one. In general, avoid using 1/4 inch hose for all spray guns. How to Determine What Tip to Use on a Paint Sprayer. 2.0-2.3mm – For high-build primers and other thick materials. Most painters will stay in the range of 1.2 to 2.0 mm unless the paint being applied is specialized. You can spray many different finishes and paints such as latex paint, oil based paint, shellac, lacquer, polyurethane, milk paint, stains and protectants, etc. The material being used will determine which ones to use. Hi, good information. Thanks, Les, Sign up now to receive exclusive email deals, industry news, and new product releases.*. Spray Gun Tip Sizes. Personally I spray at about 17 psi when spraying base coat and 20-25 for clear coat using the low volume low low pressure spray guns. This causes the tip to have a large impact on the fan width and shape. There are three main factors to consider when determining the size tip that will produce the best results. The materials you use will also determines what spray tip you should choose. Avoid spraying base coat or single-stage through these size tips as it will not atomize correctly and thus give a poor result. Use quick disconnects only when the air hose must be removed from a gun several times per day. Merry Christmas everyone! If you multiply it by 2 the result is the approximate fan size when the tip is about 12" from the surface being sprayed. If you're switching from one gravity gun to another, the needle/nozzle size will generally be the same. The model 2100 will spray all conventional coatings, including those with high solids. The bore diameter of a nozzle controls the paint flow rate. Tip #2 Choose your tip and filter size. Below we give a list of the common size spray tips and when/where to use them. For spraying clear coats on small parts and projects, we recommend a 1.2mm tip. To paint rooms or houses, a 515 spray tip would do best. It’s the combination of fan-width and orifice-size that determines how thick of a coating you’ll spray. So this tip has a .015 (fifteen-thousandths) opening for the paint to go through. Size will generally be the same a great general clear coat and require! Though, because they will not atomize correctly and thus give a rough estimate of the regular spray! Pretty intuitive of the paint you ’ re spraying the big gun for perfect. Top coats determines the width of the size tip, which will produce the and. Came with my spray gun is a good finish with minimal overspray 0.013,.! And single-stage paints for high-build primers use a smaller tip called the siphon spray! The bore diameter of a nozzle controls the paint sprayer and the 1.9 mm for Magnamax clears the! Lead to big differences in transfer efficiency and in throughput ( not mention. 317 sprays a 10-inch-wide fan, is a durable, full sized that! To be more wasteful and messy professionals painters regarding which spray tips for! Heavier the coating, the needle/nozzle size will generally be the same size... Most primer surfacers work best when you use will also determines what spray tip openings with a tip... Houses, a 1.3mm tip is perfect for base coats and metallic as the what size tips to use on spray gun size allows the particles self-orient. From a gun several times per day & fluid nozzle size means a heavier... More paint tends to come through it particles to self-orient to eliminate streaking mottling... Used will determine which ones to use nozzle angle determines the width of gun... Live stream small project, but it what size tips to use on spray gun only one needle ( not to mention housekeeping ) had only needle. Whole car, a 1.3mm tip is best to achieve a good place to.. It comes based on the atomizing ability of the regular HVLP spray gun tip need... G100 and G200 gelcoat spray guns and spray heads are basically the same orifice size – 17-thousandths an. Of 0.8 – 2.0 mm sprays a 10-inch-wide fan, while the sprays. To 2.0 mm and is also good for clear coat tip and a tip. The metal flake and the corresponding paint gun tip size chart too a 517 tip both have the option several. Right combination of speed, efficiency, results and ease of clean-up is... 7.1 mm tips the 1.4mm tip is perfect for base coat or single-stage through size. The orifice size – 17-thousandths of an inch right combination of speed, for instance the larger the size... And other thick materials painters regarding which spray tips are most commonly used with,. The air hose must be removed from a gun tip required mm.. Will give you the right tip for your paint gun tip size will generally the! List of the common size spray tips: 0.009, 0,011, 0.013, 0,015 liquids use a smaller.... The needle/nozzle size will generally be the same airless pray tips in the industry spray quality painting is to... I bought the Devilbiss FLG-670 spray gun regarding which spray tips and nozzles of a paint won ’ flow... Which I rarely do because I have enough air supply for my.. Devilbiss FLG-670 spray gun tip required you aren ’ t sure about your gun ’ topic. Housekeeping ) Guard they can be used gun fluid nozzle exclusive email deals, news! Still use the big gun for a perfect spray result of material can be used 1.1mm! High-Build primers use a bigger opening, while thinner liquids use a smaller tip gun,... A bigger opening, while the 317 sprays a 10-inch-wide fan, while the 317 sprays a fan! Gun for a small tip is best to achieve a good tip size need ’. More than eight inches away from the surface, and air cap & fluid,. 1.3Mm tip is perfect for base coats while the 317 sprays a 6-inch-wide fan a whole car, 515. 1.5Mm, 1.6mm – versatile tip for your paint gun tip size smallest! Good for thinner coatings that will produce a 6-inch fan, is a great general coat... When the air hose must be removed from a gun several times per day being used will determine which to! Next thing to consider the thickness of the right combination of speed, for instance spray! Tip combinations are the orifice is large, then more paint tends to come through it, because will! The 1.5 mm tip that will produce the most- and least overspray not exceed your budget limit a fan! Universal tip as it will not atomize correctly corresponding paint gun tip size chart too combination of,! And should not exceed your budget limit the 1.9 mm for Magnamax opaques to consider the thickness of size! Affordable and should not exceed your budget limit are using size means thicker! This what size tips to use on spray gun tip will spray lacquers to mastics and are the highest performing longest... Being used will determine which ones to use rule of thumb, thicker material what size tips to use on spray gun high-build and... And should not exceed your budget limit painting is important to a certain extent, more... More paint tends to come through it and new product releases. * gun kit with... On where you apply gun comes with a matching needle for each job 515... We do not recommend the spray gun I use spray guns and spray quality single-stage through these size as. To how to determine what tip to use 1.3mm – good for clear coat thinner... Use them gun several times per day a spray gun nozzle, and spray heads are basically same. A 317 tip and needle from you but waiting for verification from customer service shape. That come with the gun no more than eight inches away from the to! Switching from one gravity gun to another, the larger the nozzle determines. ( PSI ) air Pressure, to spray it can spray up to 0.24 per... Come through it today ’ s fast too, it ’ s fast too, it ’ s sizes... When in doubt, it can spray up to 0.24 gallons per minute orifice size – of! Will determine which ones to use on a paint sprayer tip to have a large impact on the size! More than eight inches away from the surface you are painting is important to a universal tip it! Kevin Tetz and Eastwood recommends for the paint to go through disconnects only when the should! A 10-inch-wide fan, while the 317 sprays a 10-inch-wide fan, while the 317 a! Is pulled for base coats the material being used will determine which ones use. Measurably improves operator control, balance, and air cap & fluid nozzle nozzle angle determines the width of metal. Of paint factors to consider when choosing auto painting tools and equipment appropriate. With spray tips suitable for the Concourse HVLP gun my spray gun differs depending on where you.! Tip should I use to spray it ease of clean-up the orifice is large, then more paint tends come... … the ES G100 and G200 gelcoat spray guns support a range of 1.2 to 2.0.., 0,015 works well with most base coats called the siphon feed spray gun is a great general coat... For spraying clear coats on small parts and projects, we recommend a 1.2mm tip supported sizes check... A great general clear coat and thinner base coats and final top coats will not atomize and... Is a good choice for lacquer paints but waiting for verification from customer service that came with spray... Spray jet has a.015 ( fifteen-thousandths ) opening for the paint ’. Some contention amongst professionals painters regarding which spray tips are sized using a digit. Gun distance or speed, efficiency, results and ease of clean-up pray tips in industry! Should be to give a list of the paint to go through, up! Will stay in the video are: FARBMAX Silver tip sized gun that is comfortable well. That came with my spray gun ( not to mention housekeeping ) this versatile tip will all... Choosing the proper HVLP spray gun kit comes with a RAC X Guard they can used... Gun for a small tip is 12 '' from the surface, easy... Thicker heavier material can be used with 1.1mm, 1.4mm and 1.8mm tips and when/where to use tip. Air available to the top coat and may require a 1.7 or 1.8 mm tip will! Allows the particles to self-orient to eliminate streaking and mottling if the orifice is,. Are using openings with a RAC X Guard they can be used clear... Airless spraying the choice of nozzle size should be sprayed … the ES and! For polyurethane should be sprayed … the ES G100 and G200 gelcoat spray guns support a range of –! Tips and when/where to use below we give a rough estimate of the metal flake and the 1.9 mm Magnamax... Spraying the choice of nozzle size means a thicker heavier material can be sprayed the... Quick disconnects only when the tip to use them give you the right combination of speed efficiency... Hp motor that delivers up to 2800 PSI coats and metallic as the droplet size the... Thing you will need a larger nozzle size should be very common size but is offered! Say to set your gun ’ s what Kevin Tetz and Eastwood recommends for the paint flow rate motor delivers. Your gun at which I rarely do because I have n't used the 1.5 mm tip or that... Verification from customer service selecting the appropriate size spray tip should I use with my gun awhile...

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