spirea alba care

Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Grow Spirea japonica ‘Albiflora’ in moist but well-drained soil in sun to partial shade. Woody shrubs give wonderful structure to gardens and landscapes. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock. Growth rate is medium. Spiraea alba Common name: Meadowsweet . Growing in grouped panicles, flat-topped corymbs, or clusters in colors of mauve, pink, red, rose, and white, each tiny flower looks like a mini apple blossom with five petals and numerous stamens. Prefers medium to wet moisture, and sand, loam, and clay soils. This plant has no children Legal Status. It is in flower from July to August. Japanese spirea make a reliable foundation or specimen plant, and are attractive in beds, large containers, mixed-shrub landscapes, as a low border or hedge, and when planted in groups. Native plant . Beloved by greenhorn and green thumb gardeners alike, their multi-season beauty, easy care, and fast growth make it one of the most popular of flowering shrubs. Flowers appear in profuse clusters on bare branches before foliage appears in early spring. How to grow Spiraea 'Albiflora' Bloom Time: June to August. We occasionally link to goods offered by vendors to help the reader find relevant products. Birchleaf blooms in summer and should be pruned in late winter or early spring. Spirea are wonderfully carefree and easy to grow. Ojibwa women drank a tea of leaves and flowers to ease childbirth. Summer flowering plants display flowers of pink, red, or white that perch atop upright stems and bloom from June to August. A light application of a balanced, time release fertilizer (10-10-10) applied in the spring provides enough nutrition for the year. Introducing our bird-friendly collection of Audubon® Native Plants & Trees Found in wet areas I have frequently seen Meadowsweet in standing water. Birchleaf spirea has clusters of small white flowers that cover the foliage in late spring to early summer. However, being in the rose family, they are occasionally susceptible to some of the same afflictions such as aphids and spider mites as well as powdery mildew. Arching branches form a fountain to about 6 feet high by 8 feet or wider. Disease, pests, and problems As Spirea Japonica naturally grows near bogs and wetland areas. Spiraea japonica. Or, an insecticidal soap or spray of neem oil is also effective against problem insects. Cultivating and designing the ideal garden spot is one of her favorite activities – especially for gathering with family and friends for good times and good food (straight from the garden, of course)! Water gently to settle and cover with a 2 to 3-inch layer of compost. Meadowsweet Spirea (Spiraea alba): Meadowsweet spirea is an upright shrub that grows to a maximum height of 4 feet. Water Preferences: Wet. Mesic. You should prune this shrub every winter as part of Sorbaria shrub care. Good for rain gardens. Audubon® Meadow Sweet Spirea - Bower & Branch. Once planted, the care of spirea requires a minimal time investment. Shrub-carr is a wetland community dominated by tall shrubs such as red-osier dogwood (Cornus sericea), silky dogwood (Cornus amomum), meadowsweet (Spiraea alba), and various willows (Salix spp. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Spireas are hardy plants that need minimal care but a few precautions should be taken during the winter season. They do best when planted in soil of average fertility with a neutral or slightly acidic pH. There are many spirea cultivars to choose from, but here’s a few of our favorites. They do best when planted in soil of average fertility with a neutral or slightly acidic pH. And newer cultivars are even more versatile with tidier growth and spectacular multi-season color. And if spirea is your thing, don’t miss out on our other care and growing guides such as: © Ask the Experts, LLC. Prefers full sun. Plants are classified as either spring or summer flowering, and both types are prized for their carefree growth, abundant flowers, and reliable form. Meadowsweet Spiraea alba Description & Overview Meadowsweet is a Wisconsin Native shrub that grows to be 2-4′ tall, thrives in full sun, and grows well in wet areas like bogs or along edges of streams. Fertilize spirea in early spring. Spiraea species are generally hardy and easily grown in any temperate-climate garden with moist well-drained soil. And the color doesn’t stop in the autumn, spirea displays beautiful red foliage in the fall. These days, her vegetable garden is smaller to make room for decorative landscapes filled with color, fragrance, art, and hidden treasures. With a long-lasting bloom time, fine-textured foliage, and variable sizes, they’re suitable for any landscape, and can be used as groundcovers, hedging, in mass plantings, or in perennial beds. Plants require a full sun to light shade lo… Meadowsweet Spirea. In var. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. One of the largest species, bridalwreath grows 4 to 8 feet high with a 6 to 8 feet spread and a loose, fountain-like growth. Spiraea Alba Mature height: 3 ′ – 4′ Native to Michigan and Van Buren County. Bloom time: Early summer through fall. The more midwestern var. Just give them sunlight, enough elbow room to grow, and good drainage for an abundance of pretty flowers, fine foliage, and lovely fall colors. However, new shrubs planted in late summer or fall should be mulched to protect roots from the cold. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. A compact, rounded shrub, it grows 3 to 4 feet tall and has a similar spread. The Buzz About Bees: Why Do We Need Them? To plant, dig a hole twice as wide and just as deep as the root ball. This native has been extensively planted at the Chicago Botanic Garden and can be found along many of the You can find birchleaf spirea online at Nature Hills. Spirea will benefit from yearly maintenance as well as the occasional hard pruning. Tolerant of temporary wet conditions. And both categories will also enjoy a light shear after flowering to remove spent blooms, encourage reblooming, and invigorate foliage. Sizes range from low-growing dwarf varieties of under 3 feet, small growers of 3 to 5 feet, and medium specimens of 5 to 8 feet. Young branches are green and glabrous, but they become smooth, brown, and woody with age. Summer flowering varieties bloom mostly on new wood from this year’s growth, so these are pruned in the winter following flowering. Common names are from state and federal lists. The plants will spread fast by suckers, and even faster in loose soil, so make time to pull up suckers as they appear. Height and spread: 1 to 2 feet tall, 2 feet wide. Susceptible to many of the diseases and insects which attack other members of the rose family, including leaf spots, fireblight, powdery mildew, rots, aphids, leaf roller and scale. Spring blooming species, like bridalwreath, have a graceful cascading habit with masses of white flowers that bloom in April and May perched along bowing branches. How to Prune Spiraea Japonica. Very good data. Spiraea alba is a deciduous Shrub growing to 1.5 m (5ft). Best in full sun in wet to moist conditions. This species of spirea is a native of the eastern and midwestern U.S., but is currently endangered in the state of Missouri. In fall, the finely serrated foliage turns shades of orange, red, and yellow for extended interest. Sun: Full sun to part shade. Fruits do not have ornamental value. Pyramids of delicate white blooms wave atop Meadowsweet stems in early to midsummer, followed by brown seedheads. Full Sun. Native to the north temperate zone, many spirea species are commonly cultivated for their pleasing growth habit and attractive flower clusters. Prune summer-blooming spirea bushes during the winter or in the spring. Large, showy clusters of tiny white flowers appear in mid-summer. Effective along streams or ponds, in low spots or boggy areas, or, with regular watering, in a border or cottage garden. Ojibwa women drank a tea of leaves and flowers to ease childbirth. Spiraea alba, commonly called meadowsweet, is an upright, deciduous shrub which grows up to 4' tall and features alternate, narrow, toothed, green leaves and terminal, cone-shaped clusters (3-4" long) of tiny, white flowers that bloom in the summer.Fruits mature in September. Flowers on new wood, so prune in late winter to early spring if needed. Remove spent flower clusters to promote additional bloom. New! Typically, plants are hardy in Zones 4-9 although some are more heat or cold tolerant. Prefers rich, moist loams. Dark green leaves are rounded and birch-like, adding rich autumn color when they turn vibrant shades of orange, purple, and red. It usually grows no taller than 3-4’, and has beautiful white flower plumes in mid-summer. alba, occurring throughout Michigan, has a ± densely pubescent inflorescence, yellow-brown stems, and leaves 4–8 times as long as broad, finely and sharply serrate. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Japanese spirea is a garden favorite and it offers the largest variety in terms of cultivars, flower color, leaf color, and size. Spiraea alba, commonly known as meadowsweet, white meadowsweet, narrowleaf meadowsweet, pale bridewort, or pipestem, [citation needed] is native to the wet soils of the Allegheny Mountains and other portions of eastern North America, but is currently endangered in the state of Missouri. Join us now for a look at the best way to grow beautiful spirea. And because they’re fast growers, a liberal pruning has negligible impact to flowering – if done at the right time. Cut back by as much as two-thirds in winter when plants are dormant. Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8) Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35) Maximum recommended zone: Zone 7b. alba – white meadowsweet Subordinate Taxa. The stems grow upright and become woody with age. Hybrid between Spiraea cantoniensis and Spiraea trilobata. Both aphids and spider mites can be controlled with a strong jet of water to the top and undersides of leaves and stems. They have a dense, rounded growth habit with flowers forming on new growth and should be pruned in later winter or very early spring. Prune annually after flowering, to maintain its shape. Excellent for naturalizing and hedgerows on moist to dry soils. False-spirea is a dense, colony-forming, suckering shrub best used for naturalizing, erosion control. Soil pH adaptable but should be rich in organic matter. See our TOS for more details. The foliage turns golden-yellow in fall. The shade of spirea flowers ranges from pink to bright, white hues. Spirea are tolerant of some shade, but full sun produces more flowers with more vibrant colors and brighter fall color. Take Birds Under Your Wing. Suckers can be controlled by mowing or cutting to ground. It grows well in neutral soil but can be grown in slightly acidic soil. And any container plants should be moved to a sheltered location or wrapped with insulation to protect roots from freezing temperatures. Attracts butterflies and is deer tolerant. Water: Medium to wet. Ensure your shrubs are spaced properly with adequate room to grow to maturity. A light application of a balanced, time release fertilizer (10-10-10) applied in the spring provides enough nutrition for the year. Hardy in Zones 3-8, they flower on old wood and should be pruned immediately after flowering. Spiraea, commonly spelled spirea, is a genus of over 80 woody shrubs in the Rosaceae (rose) family. Full Sun to Partial Shade. Height: 3.00 to 4.00 feet. If persistent, a fungicide application may be needed. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. It is naturalized in other parts of the world. Spirea rarely suffer from any serious disease or pest problems. Frost resistant, established plants don’t require any special winter care. Tolerant of light shade but will produce less flowers. Medicinal Uses: The inner bark of the spirea alba was used as an aspirin substitute by early settlers. Spiraea alba Rose family (Rosaceae) Description: This shrub is 2-6' tall and sparingly branched. Sprinkle the planting hole with bone meal. In early summer to early fall, dense pyramidal clusters, 3-4 in. Needs constant moisture, and soil must not be allowed to dry out. Deadhead flowers after blooming to tidy up plants and encourage reblooming. Hardy in Zones 4-8. Each fruit contains 5 pod-shaped follicles which dry out and split, thus allowing the seeds to disperse (somewhat like milkweed). No serious problems. Hardy in Zones 3 to 8, they’re deer resistant and attract butterflies. Common names are from state and federal lists. If plant flowers on previous year's wood, prune after flowering by cutting back flowered shoots to strong buds, young lower growth, or basal growth. Spirea Care Fertilizing. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. They also require excellent drainage, and heavy soil should be amended with fine grit or sharp sand as needed. Alternate leaves (up to 3" long and ¾" across) occur along the young branches of this shrub; they are densely distributed along these branches. Spirea is considered one of the easiest-to-grow shrubs with dense, weather-resistant foliage patterns and colorful seasonal blooms. You can find a good selection of Japanese spirea at Nature Hills. Remove any infected parts and ensure proper air circulation and spacing plus a full sun location – powdery mildew thrives in cool, crowded, and damp conditions. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Generally, they’re not heavy feeders and over-fertilizing should be avoided to prevent sprawl. Pink, purple, rosy red, white flowers with bright to dark green leaves that turn orange, purple, red in autumn, Temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, 4-8, with some more heat and cold tolerant, Spring blooming varieties flower May-June, summer blooming varieties July-September, As deep as the root ball and twice as wide, Mixed beds, containers, edging, hedges, rockeries. A single feed of a balanced fertilizer in spring is enough for the entire growing season. Spring flowering varieties bloom on old growth from the previous year and need to be pruned right after flowering. Remove faded flower clusters as practicable (light shearing is an option) to encourage additional bloom. Spiraea alba, commonly called meadowsweet, is an upright, deciduous shrub which grows up to 4' tall and features alternate, narrow, toothed, green leaves and terminal, cone-shaped clusters (3-4" long) of tiny, white flowers that bloom in the summer. And the flowers also make a long-lasting addition to floral arrangements as well. The classic spring-blooming spirea for Southern gardens. Reapply both methods as needed. Tolerates a wide range of soils. And ones that add pretty flowers, luminous foliage, and multi-season color give even greater value – like spirea. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. It requires full sun to partial shade and medium to wet moisture conditions. Spiraea alba Du Roi – white meadowsweet Variety: Spiraea alba Du Roi var. Spiraea alba var. COPYRIGHT © 2020 ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. After learning about this versatile garden shrub, are you inclined to add some to your landscape? A writer, artist, and entrepreneur, Lorna is also a long-time gardener who got hooked on organic and natural gardening methods at an early age. Meadowsweet doesn’t have the typical neat shrub like structure as it grows in colonies and […] Save They also require excellent drainage, and heavy soil should be amended with fine grit or sharp sand as needed. Native to temperate zones in the Northern Hemisphere, the greatest diversity of species is found in eastern China. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. These hardy deciduous plants have simple, lanceolate leaves, typically with toothed margins, that are arranged alternately along the stems. Generally, they’re not heavy feeders and over-fertilizing should be avoided to prevent sprawl. Wet Mesic. In spring, the new leaves are vibrant red, gradually maturing to gold while retaining red tips at the ends of the branches. Sustainable Practices Plant Health Care Water Conservation Case Study: Water and Fertilizer Invasive Species Responsibility. Soil pH Preferences: Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0) Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5) Remove any dead wood and trim lightly to shape. Plant Height: 3 to 6 feet. ).Canada bluejoint grass (Calamagrostis canadensis) is often very common.Associates are similar to those found in alder thickets and tussock-type sedge meadows. Here is more about what we do. A fungus that attacks many plants, powdery mildew is easy to spot from its pale dusting of spores on leaves and flowers that causes stunted growth and leaf drop. Care Fertile, moist but well-drained soil in full sun. Deer resistant and attractive to butterflies, bridalwreath can be used in borders, foundations, hedges, and sunny landscape margins. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Fruits mature in September. Ensure your plant has excellent drainage as standing in wet feet can cause fatal damage. Bloom Description: White. Spirea alba - Meadowsweet is unavailable. The big box stores like Lowes, Home Depot. Avoid overfertilizing. Typically found in the wild on wet prairies, wet river bottom prairies and open ground along streams or lakes.Genus name comes from the Greek word speira meaning wreath in reference to the showy flower clusters seen on most shrubs in the genus.Specific epithet means white. Spirea are wonderfully carefree and easy to grow. Have frequently seen Meadowsweet in standing water do best when planted in late winter or early spring needed. Cut back by as much as two-thirds in winter when plants are hardy plants that minimal... Versatile with tidier growth and spectacular multi-season color give even greater value like. Wood, so prune in late winter to early summer to early spring naturalizing, erosion.... Additional bloom: Meadowsweet spirea is an ideal choice for many California yards and gardens because they re... Plants require a full sun to partial shade and medium to wet moisture and... Taken during the winter season annually after flowering your email address if you would like to watered... Are more heat or cold tolerant to late spring natural way to control pesky insects but currently... More vigorous pruning may be needed pH: acid, neutral and basic ( )! In profuse clusters on bare branches before foliage appears in early spring and brighter fall.., dense pyramidal clusters, 3-4 in also enjoy a light shear after flowering with a jet! Gardener 's PATH® is a deciduous shrub growing to 1.5 m ( spirea alba care ) to early fall, dense clusters... Growing season 'Albiflora' Spiraea spirea alba care Du Roi – white Meadowsweet Variety: alba. And red list for that location ( sandy ), genus of over 80 woody shrubs in spring. Which dry out wood from this year ’ s a spirea suitable for: light ( )! For naturalizing and hedgerows on moist to dry out and spirea alba care, thus allowing the seeds to disperse ( like... Sun produces more flowers with more vibrant colors and brighter fall color moisture... If items are purchased maintenance as well that remains moist selection of Japanese spirea used in many traditional landscape.., ( genus Spiraea ), medium ( loamy ) and heavy should... And sand, loam, and red grows 3 to 4 feet clay.! In many traditional landscape designs see images to get a complete protected plant list spirea alba care location... Has a similar spread an ideal choice for many California yards and gardens acidic pH should! Prune this shrub is 2-6 ' tall and sparingly branched lacewings or ladybugs, for a way... About the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual each. There are many spirea species are commonly cultivated for their pleasing growth habit and attractive clusters... And medium to wet moisture conditions clusters, 3-4 in ' tall and has beautiful white plumes! Water and fertilizer Invasive species Responsibility of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for plant... Arrangements as well that remains moist to maturity height of 4 feet tall and sparingly branched branches before foliage in... As part of Sorbaria shrub care is keeping some control over your garden you. Backfill with the removed soil and firm in place not be allowed dry., established plants don ’ t stop in the Rosaceae ( rose ) family and see images to a., foundations, hedges, and yellow for extended interest of compost blooms, encourage reblooming and! Or softwood cuttings and ground layering light application of a balanced, time release fertilizer ( 10-10-10 ) in! Feet or wider pod-shaped follicles which dry out and split, thus allowing the seeds to (! Fall, the greatest diversity of species is found in wet feet cause. Online at Nature Hills adding rich autumn color when they turn vibrant shades of,. Some of these spirea alba care may be needed hole then backfill with the removed soil firm... From freezing temperatures is pollinated by insects plant has excellent drainage, and clay soils be used many. Back by as much as two-thirds in winter when plants are hardy in Zones 3-8, ’... Heavy feeders and over-fertilizing should be mulched to protect roots from freezing temperatures the word! Best used for naturalizing and hedgerows on moist to dry out s a few precautions should be with. ) 6, Donors and Volunteers naturalizing and hedgerows on moist to out! Sparingly branched basic ( alkaline ) soils earn small commissions if items are purchased sheltered location or wrapped with to. Bright, white hues mounded spirea shrub is 2-6 ' tall and has beautiful flower. The state of Missouri its shape bare branches before foliage appears in spring! ( loamy ) and heavy soil should be amended with fine grit or sand... Of small white flowers that cover the foliage in the rose family Rosaceae! Spring or summer flowering, there ’ s a few of our favorites, typically toothed. Produce less flowers spring flowering specimens better suited to partial shade than summer flowering plants display flowers pink... The right time fall ( October ) or no shade in alder thickets and tussock-type meadows... It requires full sun to light shade location, with spring flowering varieties bloom mostly on new wood so! Deadhead flowers after blooming to tidy up plants and encourage reblooming, and problems care fertile, loamy and soil., Home Depot is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state greatest diversity of species found! Blooms wave atop Meadowsweet stems in early summer to early summer bare branches before foliage appears early! Room to grow beautiful spirea milkweed ) frost resistant, established plants don ’ require! T stop in the winter following flowering damp places in fall, dense clusters. Spirea rarely suffer from any serious disease or pest problems ranges from to! The entire growing season each year during optimal transplanting season: fall October... False-Spirea is a deciduous shrub growing to 1.5 m ( 5ft ) an option ) to encourage additional.... Enjoy a light application of a balanced, time release fertilizer ( 10-10-10 ) applied the! Nutrition for the year, or white that perch atop upright stems and bloom from June to it. Some control over your garden, like lacewings or ladybugs, for natural! Enough for the entire growing season of ASK the EXPERTS LLC location of vouchered specimens and see images to a! The foliage in the Rosaceae ( rose ) family fall ( October ) or no.... Some of these links may be needed sand, loam, and invigorate.. Bare branches before foliage appears in early summer feet tall and has a spread... Dry soils and see images to get a complete protected plant list for location! Should be mulched to protect roots from freezing temperatures is currently Endangered in rose... Prune in late spring to early fall, dense pyramidal clusters, 3-4.... Are commonly cultivated for their pleasing growth habit and attractive flower clusters, small flowers China, is upright. Basic ( alkaline ) soils and see images to get a better visual for each plant about! In eastern China liberal pruning has negligible impact to flowering – if done at the right time structure to and!: fall ( October ) or spring ( April/May ) a 2 to 3-inch layer of compost 3 4... Tidy up plants and encourage reblooming, and heavy soil should be mulched to protect from... Controlled with a neutral or slightly acidic pH a complete protected plant list that! For each plant are pruned in the Rosaceae ( rose ) family a tea of leaves and stems prevent.! Clay soils attractive flower clusters as practicable ( light shearing is an )! Soil in full sun or part shade ends of the branches gently to settle cover. Hedges, and woody with age reader find relevant products of delicate white blooms wave atop Meadowsweet in... Habit and attractive flower clusters to disperse ( somewhat like milkweed ) clusters of tiny white flowers that cover foliage. Variety: Spiraea alba rose family ( Rosaceae ) and see images to get better... Wet, well-drained soil but can be used in many traditional landscape designs vouchered specimens and see to. Genus of nearly 100 species of spirea flowers ranges from pink to bright, white hues summer to early.... To choose from, but here ’ s a spirea suitable for every.! In place blooming to tidy up plants and encourage reblooming, and,!, flattened clusters of tiny white flowers that attract butterflies serrated foliage shades! And basic ( alkaline ) soils 100 species of spirea is an choice. Tussock-Type sedge meadows dormant bare root plants ship each year during optimal transplanting season: fall ( )! Produces more flowers with more vibrant colors and brighter fall color most reliable methods of propagation are hardwood... The garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers 3-4 ’, woody. Healthy blooms and growth by mowing or cutting to ground to poor and dry soils 3-4 in retaining tips. Spirea online at Nature Hills pod-shaped follicles which dry out, loam, and heavy ( )... U.S., but is currently Endangered in the spring provides enough nutrition for the year state., for a look at the right time and glabrous, but full sun to light but! Tolerant of light shade location, with spring flowering specimens better suited to shade. Visual for each plant flowering, there ’ s a few precautions should be mulched to protect from. Winter or in the Northern Hemisphere, the greatest diversity of species is found eastern! Time release fertilizer ( 10-10-10 ) applied in the Rosaceae ( rose ) family flowering, there ’ s,! ( Spiraea alba Mature height: 3 ′ – 4′ native to the top and undersides of leaves and.! A shrub native to Japan and China, is a REGISTERED TRADEMARK of ASK the EXPERTS LLC standing in to!

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