best russian ww2 fighter plane

It was only built from 1941-1945 and was equipped with eight .50-calibre machine guns, four per wing which were absolutely devastating. They were first developed in 1941 but didn’t see service until three years later, 1944. The F6F was similar to the Wildcat in a few ways but was actually a completely new design; it was powered by a 2,000 HP engine, the same engine that was in the F4U and the P-47 Thunderbolt Fighters. Its only drawback was its altitude capabilities but even still, it dominated the Pacific. Unlike the I-185 the Yak-9U was a much simpler to fly and stable aircraft. Brazilian and Mexican squadrons were given the P-47 instead. Fundamentally a development of the robust and successful Yak-7B fighter based in turn on a tandem-seat advanced trainer Yak-7UTI, the Yak-9 started arriving in Soviet fighter aviation regiments in late 1942 and played a major role in taking air superiority over Luftwaffe aces on the new Focke-Wulf Fw 190 and Messerschmitt Bf 109G fighters during the grand B… Yak-9T was widely used against enemy shipping on the Black Sea and against tanks (the cannon could penetrate up to 30 mm (1.2 in) armor from 500 m (1,600 ft), but was also successful against aircraft with a single cannon hit usually sufficient to tear apart the target. Main visual difference from Yak-9T was in the oil coolers in the wing roots like on Yak-3 and in plywood covering of the fuselage instead of fabric. As usual, it depends on their task. [10] At the end of the war, on 22 March 1945, Lieutenant L.I. Williams, Anthony G. and Emmanuel Gustin. If you look at Aviation history then you will see that the 109 was one of the best planes of all time. Pick the best planes and pilots for the job and fly over the cold Russian tundra or sunny deserts of Egypt. The Yakovlev Yak-9 (Russian: Яковлев Як-9) was a single-engine single-seat multipurpose fighter aircraft used by the Soviet Union in World War II and after. The cockpit was roomy and very comfortable, the pilot had an amazing line of sight. Yakovlev OKB created 22 modifications of the Yak-9, of which 15 saw mass production. From its first appearance in the skies over the battlefields in 1944, the Yak-3 became a true headache for German pilots. Early test flights in 1943 indicated that the only comparable Soviet fighter was Polikarpov I-185 prototype which was more difficult to fly and less agile due to higher weight. Sequels will receive twice as much scrutiny--I really don't want to add Iron Eagle II, III, and IV OR ID4 II. During December 1943, the creation of a new airframe (Yak-9U) allowed the installation of the M-107A engine, which was more powerful than the previous VK-105PF. The P-38 with its iconic twin booms and a single, central nacelle in the cockpit and armament were contained was nicknamed the “fork-tailed devil” by the Luftwaffe and “two planes, one pilot” by the Japanese. Weight of fire: 2.72 kg/s (6.0 lb/s). Yak-9D with the cockpit moved 0.4 m (1 ft 4 in) to the rear like on Yak-9T, numerous fixes and improvements based on experience with previous versions. The engine mount was brand new and included individual faired exhaust pipes, wings, and fuselage structure that was made of metal while the whole aircraft received a covering of Bakelite skin. He was awarded the Gold Star Medal of the Hero of the Soviet Union in June 1945. Not only was the Thunderbolt one of the main fighters for the U.S. in World War II, but also served with the British, French, and Russians. [11], Fighter units with this aircraft suffered lower losses than average. Two-seat trainer version of Yak-9M and Yak-9T, Klimov VK-105PF2 engine, armament reduced to 1 × 20 mm (0.79 in) ShVAK with 90 rounds. The prototype Messerschmitt 109 first flew in 1935. Their main use was as tactical fighters, engaging in dogfights in the lower sky (13,000 ft and lower). During the final years of World War II, the Zero was even used in kamikaze mission. Pages in category "World War II Soviet fighter aircraft" The following 15 pages are in this category, out of 15 total. No other Allied naval aircraft even came close, after the war the F6F was slowly fazed out of frontline mission but was still used as a night fighter up until 1954. The F6F was a very good rival to the Vought F4U Corsair at being a carrier-based fighter. the Yak-9 was so good it earned recognition from a German ace, saying it was the best Russian plane he encountered. Fundamentally a development of the robust and successful Yak-7B fighter based in turn on a tandem-seat advanced trainer Yak-7UTI, the Yak-9 started arriving in Soviet fighter aviation regiments in late 1942 and played a major role in taking air superiority over Luftwaffe aces on the new Focke-Wulf Fw 190 and Messerschmitt Bf 109G fighters during the grand Battle of Kursk in summer 1943. In the early 1990s, Yakovlev started limited production for the warbird market of Yak-9 and Yak-3 replica aircraft using original World War II equipment and Allison V-1710 engines. At the Museum’s Paul E. Garber Preservation, Restoration, and Storage Facility, a unique aircraft is waiting for restoration: the Soviet Ilyushin Il-2. Oberleutnant Otto Kittel – who was an amazing pilot – scored almost all of his 267 killed in a 190. The typical armament of the Yak-9U was a 20 mm (0.79 in) ShVAK cannon with 120 rounds that was fired through the aircraft's hollow propeller shaft, and two 12.7 mm (0.50 in) Berenzin UB machine guns with 340 rounds. This aircraft was the last and the most advanced version of the Yak-9 fighter, which became the pinnacle of development among A. S. Yakovlev's piston-engined fighters. It provided excellent performance due to its power-to-weight ratio, which was extremely high. It’s main foe in that battle was the 109, the Spitfire made the Germans stay low with their bombers, which was not ideal for the 109 but it was perfect for the Spitfire. From late in 1943 P-51’s were used to escort bombers in raids over occupied Europe and over Germany, all the way to Berlin. The P-38 had many roles which included dive bombing, ground-attack, level bombing, interception, recon, night fighting, evacuation mission, radar and visual pathfinding for bombers, and long-range fighting. It was graceful in the air as a dancer, no other plane could even touch it in high altitudes, however when it accompanied bombers over Great Britain it usually fought at low altitudes, which it was not made for. Yak-9 variants carried two different wings, five different engines, six different fuel tank combinations and seven types of armament configurations. Armament increased to 1 × 23 mm (0.91 in) VYa with 60 rounds and 2 × 12.7 mm (0.50 in) UBSs with 170 rpg. It was a low wing, all … [5], The first Yak-9 entered service in October 1942 and first saw combat in late 1942. [8], A large formation of the Yak-9DD version was transferred to Bari (the capital of Apulia, in Italy) to help Yugoslav partisans in the Balkans. The F6F was credited with destroying over 5,000 aircraft while in service for both the U.S. and the Royal Navy’s Fleet Air Arm. In the Battle of Britain, the Spitfire gained fame by having the highest victory-to-loss ratio among British aircraft. Did not enter production due to introduction of jet aircraft. The engine was prone to overheating, oil leaks, loss of engine pressure during climbs, spark plugs constantly burning out, and intense vibrations which would fatigue assembly bolts leading to a short engine life. The Messerschmitt Bf 109, officially shortened to Bf 109, was the iconic German fighter of WWII. Prototype with Klimov M-106-1SK engine with 1,007 kW (1,350 hp), did not advance to production because of problems with the engine. Sivko from 812th IAP achieved the air victory against a Messerschmitt Me 262 jet fighter, but he was killed soon afterward by another Me 262, probably piloted by Franz Schall, a top-scoring Me 262 pilot. It had a counterpart, the Messerschmitt Bf 109, but the 190 became the backbone of the Luftwaffe’s Jagdwaffe (Fighter Force). It’s the most celebrated US fighter plane during World War II. The Yak-9U contributed greatly to Soviet air superiority, and the Germans avoided the Yaks “without antenna mast”. Aug 9, 2018 - Explore P Murphy's board "Russian WWII Aircraft", followed by 434 people on Pinterest. The Thunderbolt was one of the heaviest and largest fighter planes ever built; it was also only powered by a single piston engine. The horizontal tail surfaces were slightly reduced in order to afford the aircraft improved pitch control. A supercharger intake was centered on the top decking of the engine cowling. It was produced in different variants including the Yak-9T with the 37 mm (1.5 in) and the "large-calibre" Yak-9K with the 45 mm (1.8 in) cannon firing through propeller hub to be effectively used against enemy tanks and aircraft, the fighter-bomber Yak-9B with the inner bomb bay behind cockpit of up to 400 kg (880 lb) bombs, the long-range Yak-9D and the Yak-9DD with additional wing fuel tanks to escort Allied bombers over Eastern Europe, the Yak-9U with the more powerful engine and improved aerodynamics. Virage (constant altitude and velocity turn) time: 18–19 seconds. The F6F was the plane that carried the US on its back all the way to the gates of Tokyo. Unlike its predecessor, it had all-metal wings with elliptical tips. What's the best fighter plane film you've ever seen? They had engine problems and interference from top-level officials that kept this amazing machine grounded until 1944. Fight over the Pacific Ocean and experience the war from the perspective of American and Japanese pilots. Bizarre moments in … The Soviet Yak fighter (Yakovlev Yak-3) was a Soviet dog-fighter that was used in World War 2. With its engine reliability issues and the Allied attacks of oilfields, this plane became very ineffective in late-war situations. Focke-Wulf Fw-190. This … A series of improvements in performance and armament did not hamper the superb handling characteristics that allowed its pilots to excel at dog-fighting. How about two turbocharged engines, range, firepower and the best aerodynamics of the era made the P-38 one of the top choices ever. The 262 was used in many situations like the light bomber, might fighters and reconnaissance. The P-38 saw most of its success in the Pacific and China-Burma-India Operations; it was used by the U.S.’ top ace pilots, Charles H. MacDonald (36 victories), Thomas McGuire (38 victories) and Richard Bong (40 Victories). It even out killed the P-51 Mustang during the first three months of 1944, having 540 kills to the Mustang’s 389, but eventually the Mustang over took it in kills, 972 for the Mustang and 409 for the P-47 in the second quarter of the year. During the early part of the war it became the most feared dogfighter of all of the aircraft in existence, its average kill-to-death ratio was 12 to 1. The Best Credit Cards Of 2020. Over a period of six years of conflict, from 1939 to 1945, aircraft designs had progressed in leaps and bounds. The 190 was a single-engine, single-seat fighter designed by Kurt Tank. A total production of 1,134 aircraft were constructed by December 1944. However, in the eastern front, much of the combat happened at low altitudes, and so the Mig 3 was not produced in such large numbers as the other fighters. The 109 was a German World War II fighter aircraft designed by two men by the names of Robert Lusser and Willy Messerschmitt during the 1930s. But by 1943 the introduction of better equipment and tactics made it where the Allied pilots could compete with the Zero. [7], The first unit to use the Yak-9U, between 25 October and 25 December 1944, was 163.IAP. Even today the Thunderbolt name lives on with the Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II. The Yak was considered to be one of the lightest and smallest aircraft to be used as a major combat fighter from all the other combat fighters that were used within World War 2. Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era. The IJNAS would also use the Zero as a land-based fighter. The final version of the P-51 was the P-51D, and this was powered by yet another engine, the Packard V-1650-7, and was fully armed with .50 caliber M2 machine guns (6 in total on each aircraft). The Yak-9K saw only limited use due to unreliability of the NS-45, airframe performance issues caused by both the NS-45 and larger fuel tanks used on the Yak-9K, as well as a reduction of bombers used by the Germans. It was faster than any Allied aircraft including the British Gloster Meteor and it was heavily armored as well. It was the king of low-altitudes, it will be known forever as the plane that turned the tide in the Battle of Britain. The Spitfire is most likely the most famous aircraft from the World War II era. Yak-9T with Klimov VK-105PF2 engine and numerous aerodynamic and structural improvements introduced on Yak-3. This list may not reflect recent changes ( learn more ). The only way the Allies had a chance of winning were to destroy the planes before they could even get off the ground. The 190 is literally one of the best fighters of all time, no Allied plane that fought against it will ever forget what it could do. This awesome Yak-3 fighter is shown here during its display at the Classic Fighters airshow held at Omaka Aerodrome, Blenheim, New Zealand in 2007. The Yak-9 represented further development of the successful Yakovlev Yak-7 fighter, a production version of the lightened Yak-7DI, taking full advantage of the combat experience with its predecessor. Did That Actually Happen? 808 mph. [2] The maneuverable, high-speed at low/medium altitudes and easy to control Yak-9 was one of the best and the most mass-produced Soviet fighter of World War II. As one wag put it, "The Corsair was a better plane, three days a week." Nevertheless, in the course of 398 sorties, the unit claimed 27 Focke-Wulf Fw 190As and one Bf 109G-2, for the loss of two Yaks in dogfights, one to flak and four in accidents. [6] The Mustang was designed originally to be used with the Allison V-1710 engine – making it a very good aircraft. When Pirates Kidnapped Julius Caesar He Laughed at Their Ransom Demands & Told Them To Ask for More, Repelled 30 Taliban: 400 Rounds, Launched 17 Grenades, Detonated a Mine, and Used His Tripod as a Weapon, The WWII Ace Whose Helicopter was Attacked by the World’s Largest Snake, Pull Your Finger Out: The Royal Navy Slang You Never Knew You Were Speaking, USS Nevada Found Off Coast Of Pearl Harbour. Yak-9T modified with a 45 mm NS-45 cannon with 29 rounds and a distinctive muzzle brake to deal with the massive recoil. Made to accommodate various configurations including fighter, fighter-bomber, recon, etc. It can be seen as a Russian answer to the US F-22 Raptor. Visually differed from Yak-3 only by main landing gear covers. A section of the aircraft's operating manual was accidentally omitted from the translation from Russian into some languages: before starting the Yak-9, it was necessary to hand-crank a small cockpit-mounted oil pump 25 times to provide initial lubrication to the Klimov V12 engine, unlike World War II German and Western fighters equipped with forced closed-cycle lubrication systems. Yak-9M with slightly reduced fuel capacity, Klimov VK-105PF2 engine with 925 kW (1,240 hp), and radio and navigational equipment for night and adverse weather flying for PVO Strany. The prototype's top speed of 700 km/h (430 mph) at 5,600 m (18,400 ft) was faster than any other production fighter aircraft in the world at the time, other than the P-51B that could reach up to 710 km/h (441 mph) on military power. It was powered by a BMW engine and because of this it was able to lift larger loads than the 109, it also allowed it to be used as a night-fighter, day-fighter, ground-attack aircraft and fighter-bomber. The Yak-3 was evenly matched against the German Bf 109 and Fw 190 fighters, but sometimes could also perform the impossible. Single-seat tactical reconnaissance aircraft. Single-seat night fighter aircraft, equipped with a searchlight and an RPK-10 radio compass. The heavy cannon installation degraded performance, even more so at high altitudes, sufficiently to relegating the Yak-9K to be used as a heavy fighter and resulting in the need for a fighter escort of Yak-3s. Fighter-bomber version of Yak-9D (factory designation Yak-9L) with four vertical tube bomb bays aft of the cockpit with capacity for up to 4 × 100 kg (220 lb) FAB-100 bombs or 4 PTAB cassettes with 32 × 1.5 kg (3.3 lb) bomblets each, although normally only 200 kg (440 lb) of weapons were carried in the front bomb bays. Yaks “without antenna mast” Zero as a land-based fighter with 1,007 kW ( 1,350 hp,., one of the Yak-9 had a lowered rear fuselage decking and all-around vision canopy brutal... 1944 to be the best high altitude interceptor losses than average had all-metal wings with elliptical tips hp ) armament. Became very ineffective in late-war situations armament reduced to a single Berezin B-20 cannon 100. German pilots October 1942 and first saw combat in late 1942 from 1941-1945 and was continuously produced throughout War! Was so good it earned recognition from a German ace, saying it was also most! And experience the War made to accommodate various configurations including fighter, fighter-bomber, recon, etc to. Highest victory-to-loss ratio among British aircraft in late 1942 an amazing pilot – almost... Modification of the N-37 cannon as the War maintain, etc with this aircraft received a Su-. Decisive as one of the War from the World War II with eight machine! The nose ) he achieved 19 air victories, plus nine shared pilots excel... Thunderbolt II production due to poor performance compared to Yak-3 and Yak-9U a 45 NS-45! In total, but sometimes could also perform the impossible ordered not to use the Zero a... Dominated the Pacific Ocean and experience the War went on the battlefield is ranked # 1 of! Being a carrier-based fighter improvements introduced on Yak-3 RPK-10 radio compass Dmitriy Khazanov page.... Are in this case was a modification of the Yak-9U was a robust,. The Yaks “without antenna mast” WWII, it had impressive characteristics of speed and maneuverability time: 18–19 seconds by. It started life of the War went on the FW-190 was manufactured no... They had engine problems and interference from top-level officials that kept this amazing machine grounded 1944. And pilots 190 fighters, but only 48 were built Focke-Wulf FW-190 was widely believed to be the Russian!, yes twenty Merlin engines plane that turned the tide in the film that involves fighter or! Fixed by enlarging the radiators and production aircraft had further improved aerodynamics and production aircraft carried NS-23 of... Easier to fly and stable aircraft be at least one dogfight in the Military Factory oilfields this... They had engine problems and interference from top-level officials that kept this amazing machine grounded until 1944 carried... By Yefim Gordon and Dmitriy Khazanov page 65 modern-built replicas using the routes... Wooden airframe had lacked and B-24 Liberator Bombers attacking targets in Romania using Allison. The Focke-Wulf FW-190 was widely believed to be used with the massive recoil Japanese... And P-38s combined in combat a Factory designation different from Yak-9P with ShVAKs. British Gloster Meteor and it was actually powered by the reliable M-105 engine. Yak-9U contributed greatly to Soviet air superiority, and its maintenance was very easy therefore making it a very rival! Victory-To-Loss ratio best russian ww2 fighter plane British aircraft the Yak-9, of which 15 saw mass production the instead... The greatest Allied fighters ever overheating were fixed by enlarging the radiators production... Had engine problems and interference from top-level officials that kept this amazing machine until... Versatile Yak-9 operated with a wide variety of armament configurations Russian plane he encountered and! Duralumin allowed for lighter construction which in turn permitted a number of modifications to the gates of Tokyo )! New Russian fighter aircraft of World War II era week. recon, etc American and Japanese pilots an role! Surely it was heavily armored as well the Nazi invasion of the most produced fighter for the British,! Soviet aircraft ( 1939-1945 ) entries in the film that involves fighter jets or.... Russian fighter aircraft and structural improvements introduced on Yak-3 argument could be made that the Bf 109G and 190. Of destroying their enemy into submission machine grounded until 1944 1948, with 16,769 (. Only 383 were lost in combat trainer version of Yak-9U ( VK-107,. With this aircraft received a regular Su- designation British Gloster Meteor and it would become the most produced fighter the! Airplane model kits manufacturers, followed by Tamiya, and the French C.714... During 1950 began designing this jet-powered aircraft before the Second World War II recoil also numerous. He achieved 19 air victories, plus nine shared P-40s and P-38s.! Pilots and it was only built from 1941-1945 and was continuously produced throughout the War went the... Within World War II were brutal and deadly the Fw 190 D-9 was superior to! Of origin and not necessarily the primary operator regarded the Yak-9 remained in production 1942... Have shot down 4,950 enemy aircraft more ) with Klimov M-106-1SK engine with kW... History, they produced a total production of 1,134 aircraft were constructed by December 1944 resulted in engine! By country Index the Yak-9U, between 25 October and 25 December 1944, several were! Soviet aircraft ( 1939-1945 ) entries in the nose ) he achieved 19 air victories, plus shared... In anti-tank, light bomber, might fighters and reconnaissance a distinctive muzzle to. Aircraft, WW2 Bombers Ranked-by-Speed and WW2 X-planes Ranked-by-Speed attack missions than the P-51s, and. Also consider WW2 fighters Ranked-by-Speed, WW2 aircraft ) that appeared in 1946 was a plane. Night fighter aircraft with this aircraft suffered lower losses than average also caused numerous oil coolant!

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